医学部合格応援団◇息子のための英文法演習ブログ

ロンドンに単身赴任していた公認会計士が、よく出る英文法や単語を詳しく解説したブログ。

藤田保健衛生大学の予想問題 ー 長文読解

先週の土曜日はロンドンからのフライトで潰れてしまったので、今日は2週間ぶりの週末という感じでした。充電して元気が出たので、長文読解の大問を作ってみました。藤田保健衛生大学の過去問と似た、出題形式および難易度にしてあります。

 

基本中の基本ですが、長文問題は

★まず全体の長さをざっと確認する

★ヒントとして解説してある単語があれば、チラ見して何について書いてあるか思い巡らす

★問題文を読んで選択肢を確認してから、本文を読みに行く

★本文は各パラグラフの最初の文だけ、まず全部読む

★ここで初めて、本文を上から読み始める

という順番でやるとストレスが減ります。

f:id:medicpress-harada:20170211213531j:plain

以下は、1962年にジョン・F・ケネディ米大統領テキサス州ライス大学で行ったスピーチの原稿である。英文を読んで後の問題に答えなさい。

I am  1 ( d                ) to be here, and I'm particularly  1 ( d                 ) to be here on this occasion. 

We meet at a college noted for knowledge, in a city noted for progress, in a State noted for strength, and we stand in need of all three, for we meet in an hour of change and challenge, in a decade of hope and fear, in an age of both knowledge and ignorance. The  2 ( g                 ) our knowledge increases, the  2 ( g                  ) our ignorance unfolds. 

3 ( D                 ) the striking fact that most of the scientists that the world has ever known are alive and working today, 3 ( d              )  the fact that this Nation¹s own scientific manpower is doubling every 12 years in a rate of growth more than three times that of our population as a whole, 3 ( d                )  that, the vast stretches of  4 the (                  ) and the (                      ) and the (                      ) still far outstrip our collective comprehension.

No man can fully grasp how far and how fast we have come, but condense, if you will, the 50,000 years of man¹s recorded history in a time span of but a half-century. 5 Stated in these terms, we know very little about the first 40 years, except at the end of them advanced man had learned to use the skins of animals to cover them. Then about 10 years ago, under this standard, man emerged from his caves to construct other kinds of shelter. Only five years ago man learned to write and use a cart with wheels. Christianity began less than two years ago. The printing press came this year, and then less than two months ago, during this whole 50-year span of human history, the steam engine provided a new source of power. 

Newton explored the meaning of gravity. Last  6 (                   ) electric lights and telephones and automobiles and airplanes became available. Only last  6 (                   ) did we develop penicillin and television and nuclear power, and now if America's new spacecraft succeeds in reaching Venus, we will have literally reached the stars before midnight tonight. 

This is a  7 (                           ) pace, and such a pace cannot help but create new ills as it dispels old, new ignorance, new problems, new dangers. Surely the opening vistas of space promise high costs and hardships, as well as high reward. 

So it is not surprising that some would have us stay where we are a little longer to rest, to wait. But this city of Houston, this State of Texas, this country of the United States was not built  8 by those who waited and rested and wished to look behind them. This country was conquered by those who moved forward--and so will space. 

- 中略 -

We  9 ( c              )  to go to the moon. We  9 ( c             ) to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not  10 ( b              ) they are easy, but  10 ( b              ) they are hard, 10 ( b              ) that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, 10 ( b              ) that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too.

- 中略 -

I am  1 ( d                   ) that this university is playing a part in putting a man on the  11 (                ) as part of a great national effort of the United States of America.

Many years ago the great British explorer George Mallory, who was to die on Mount Everest, was asked why did he want to climb it. He said, 12 ”Because it is there."

Well, space is there, and we're going to climb it, and the moon and the planets are there, and new hopes for knowledge and peace are there. And, therefore, as we set sail we ask God's blessing on the most hazardous and dangerous and greatest adventure on which man has ever embarked.  Thank you.

 

問1.英文の空所1, 2, 3, 9, 10に、それぞれ与えられた文字で始まる単語を入れなさい。

 

問2.下線部5のStated in these termsのtermsに該当するものは何か。もっとも適切な意味を選び、アルファベットで答えなさい。

a. 過去50万年を50年に短縮して考えること

b. 過去5万年を50年に短縮して考えること

c. 過去5万年を100年に短縮して考えること

d. 過去5万年を半世紀に短縮して考えること

 

問3.英文の空所4, 6, 7, 11に該当する英単語を選択肢から選び、アルファベットで答えなさい。

空所4

a. increadible, amazing, fascinating

b. strongest, wisest, bravest

c. best, worst, strangest

d. unknown, unanswered, unfinished

 

空所6

a. month, week

b. year, quarter

c. quarter, week

d. week, day

 

空所7

a. breath-taking

b. slow

c. solid

d. mind-boggling

 

空所11

a. spaceship

b. moon

c. space

d. rocket

 

問4.下線部8のby those whoと同じ意味でないものを次の選択肢から選び、アルファベットで答えなさい。

a. by the astronauts who

b. by the people who

c. by the ancestors who 

d. by the Americans who

 

問5.下線部12の it が指すものを次の選択肢から選び、アルファベットで答えなさい。

a. the mountain

b. the space

c. Mt. Everest

d. the moon

 

問6.ケネディ大統領がこのスピーチで伝えたかったメッセージとしてもっとも適切なものを1つ選び、アルファベットで答えなさい。

a. 近年の科学の発達を再確認し、米国出身の功労者を称える

b. アメリカが世界で初めて月面着陸を成功させる、という決意を米国民に示す

c.    宇宙開発は危険が多いことを米国民に周知する

d. ソ連に先を越された宇宙開発競争で遅れを取り戻そうと、米国民の国威発揚をする 

出典:https://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/ricetalk.htm

 

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