機内誌high lifeの記事、 "Formula E – Changing the Face of Motor Sport" を元に出題します。天下の慶応医学部ですから、難易度はこれまでの長文読解の中で最も高くしました。毎年のように出題される、前置詞を入れさせる問題、動詞の活用を変えさせる問題、英文和訳などを網羅した出題形式にしてあります。
制限時間は20分です。Go for it!
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow it.
[I] (1) 22 July 1894, 21 pioneers and their steam- and gas- powered (A-1) carriages gathered in Paris to drive 70 miles (2) Rouen, in Northern France, travelling at an average 12mph. The event was designed to test the safety, reliability and ease-of-use of the automobile but it was also the world’s first taste of motor sport.
[II] (B-1) Celebrate its (C) inaugural race in Beijing in 2014, The FIA Formula E Championship is the world’s first fully electric motor racing series. Featuring (B-2) experience drivers, such as Mahindra Racing Formula E Team’s Nick Heidfeld – who has completed in 185 Formula One Grand Prix races – the series puts teams to the test on challenging city circuits. (omitted)
[III] (3) its inception in 2014, Formula E has been the catalyst for much of the technology (B-3) see in everyday electric vehicles. The (A-2) batteries can deliver 200kw of power – equivalent to 270mph – and can accelerate from standing to over 60mph in three seconds. In the (A-3) of three seasons, the teams (B4) go from using a standardised system to developing power trains and cars, such as the Mahindra M3Electro racing car.
[IV] (A-4) traditional motor sport, Formula E takes place on the city centre streets of Buenos Aires, Paris, New York, Hong Kong and more. All that speed and power on twisting tracks attracts a younger following whilst increasing the chances of incidents and spectacular close-up racing. (omitted)
[V] (4) the circuit, Formula E is key to changing people’s perception of electric cars, encouraging drivers to shift to zero emission motoring. Where electric cars were once confined to the pages of science fiction or occasionally on the roads, Formula E’s innovation has shown electric cars can outperform some of the best.
[VI] (5) that, motor sport has come a long way and Formula E shows no signs of slowing down.
Q1. Select from the following to fill the blank spaces marked (1) –(5). Individual options may be selected once, more than once, or not at all.
after, because, on, off, with, from, to, in, between, since
Q2. Select from the following to fill the blank spaces marked (A-1) to (A-4).
(A-1) powerless, helpless, bottomless, horseless
(A-2) car, cars, cars’, car’s
(A-3) period, space, time, hours
(A-4) Despite, Additionally, Unlike, Compared
Q3. For each of the underlined words marked (B-1) to (B-4), change them to the correct forms to be grammatically correct.
(B-1) Celebration, Celebrating, Celebrated, Celebrity
(B-2) experienced, experiences, have experienced, experiencing
(B-3) saw, has been seeing, seen, have seen
(B-4) went, have gone, goes, gone
Q4. From the passage, choose a word that has the same meaning as (C) “inaugural”.
Q5. According to the passage, which of the following sentences is not true?
(A) Over the past 120 years, the speed of the automobile was enhanced by over 20 times.
(B) There has been little correlation between Formula E and the development of electric cars.
(C) Since cars pass through normal streets, Formula E races can be thrilling to watch but also a dangerous one.
(D) Human beings have loved motor sports since 19th century when the speed was not much faster than that of bicycles.
Q6. Translate the underlined English sentence in the paragraph five into Japanese.
Q7. Which one of the above sentences in the passage describes the theme of this passage? Answer by quoting the number of the paragraph to which the sentence belongs.
数日にわたって詳しく解説しているから、どれだけ英語の得意な受験生でも必ず「知らなかったなぁ」という気づきがあるはずです。しっかり読んで覚えることで満点に近づけます。Hang in there!