医学部合格応援団◆英語上級者向け演習ブログ

ロンドンから隔日更新。英検1級の公認会計士が、入試でよく出る英文法や単語を詳しく解説しています。

東邦大学医学部の予想問題 ─ 長文読解

東邦大学の医学部入試は、英語の問題数が多いと言われています。ただし出題内容はごくまともで、真の英語の実力を試すような良問が多いです。長文を読ませて、内容合致や同意表現を選択肢から選ばせる問題が中心です。

今回も前回と引き続き、統計を含むニュース記事から問題を作成しました。下線部Aは同意表現を選ぶもの、下線部Bは空欄補充、下線部Cは内容合致の問題です。14問用意しましたので、制限時間は15分でLet’s give it a go!

f:id:medicpress-harada:20170314041514j:plain

次の英文を読み、設問に最も適する答えを、選択肢1~4の中から選べ。

Spring is traditionally the time when people seek to change jobs, having collected their annual bonus for the previous year.

This year, (A-1) fluctuations in different sectors' employment demand are sending mixed messages to (B-1)                   recruits.

(omitted)

Rio Goh, managing director of Morgan McKinley China, said: "When economic growth slows down, it is not (B-2)                  to see companies adopting a (A-2) cautious attitude when it comes to hiring or reducing hands."

(A-3) Owing to cost cutting and operational consolidations, foreign banks started reducing (B-3)                    in China and the wider Asia-Pacific region since the second quarter of 2016. In 2017, these banks will remain cautious about hiring.

Although Chinese banks are hiring more than their foreign (B-4)                  , they have also felt the effect of tough business conditions and lower (A-4) margins. So, some of them are (A-5) scaling back recruitment or even restructuring and making redundancies.

Employee (B-5)                      has already started in leading commercial banks in China. According to the interim report of China Merchants Bank released in late June 2016, its headcount dropped to 68,424 from 76,192 one year earlier.

Similarly, (C) Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (“ICBC”) reported a headcount of 458,711 at the end of June last year, reducing its workforce by 7,635.

(omitted)

(A-6) Multinational companies this year will restrict themselves to replacement hires when it comes to accounting and financial roles. They may even choose not to fill vacancies after some staff members leave, expecting the rest of the team to pick up the workload, according to Goh.

(B-6)                     , as a support function, human resources teams, especially those within the multinational companies, (A-7) are expected to be leaner and more efficient. Traditional industries, such as consumer goods, manufacturing and pharmaceuticals are likely to make fewer hires in human resources in 2017, added Goh.

 

Q1. For each of the underlines marked with (A), which of the following word is closest in meaning?

A-1: fluctuations

  1. supplements
  2. movements
  3. vulnerabilities
  4. substantiations

 

A-2: cautious

  1. careful
  2. dangerous
  3. malicious
  4. complementary

 

A-3: Owing to

  1. Despite of
  2. In relation to
  3. Thanks to
  4. Because of

 

A-4: margins

  1. receipts
  2. profits
  3. payments
  4. monies

 

A-5: scaling back

  1. increasing
  2. maintaining
  3. decreasing
  4. exploring

 

A-6: Multinational

  1. Insular
  2. Regional
  3. Global
  4. Stand-alone

 

A-7: are expected to be leaner

  1. will need to work faster
  2. will not need to change
  3. will need to reduce headcount
  4. will need to maintain the number of employees

 

Q2. Which of the word is best for each blank marked with (B)?

B-1:

  1. progressive
  2. potential
  3. prosperous
  4. past

 

B-2:

  1. unreal
  2. unprofitable
  3. unusual
  4. unrealistic

 

B-3: 

  1. headset
  2. head banging
  3. head band
  4. headcount

 

B-4:

  1. counterparts
  2. casualties
  3. consciousness
  4. counter-effects

 

B-5:

  1. coordinating
  2. downsizing
  3. upgrading
  4. fascinating

 

B-6:

  1. Realistically
  2. Actually
  3. Surprisingly
  4. Similarly

 

Q3. According to the text, which of the following sentences is closest in meaning to the underline (C)?

  1. At ICBC, the number of employees at of the end of June 2015 was less than 458,711.
  2. At ICBC, the number of employees at the end of June 2016 was 7,635 less on a year on year basis.
  3. At ICBC, the number of employees at the end of June 2016 was more than 458,711.
  4. At ICBC, the number of employees at the end of June 2015 was 458,711.

 

出典は3月7日付けのChina Dailyビジネス版です。見たら答えが載っていますから、解答してからにしてくださいね。

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2017-03/07/content_28455641.htm